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What is DANDI?


  • An open data archive to submit neurophysiology data for electrophysiology, optophysiology, and behavioral time-series, and images from immunostaining experiments.
  • A persistent, versioned, and growing collection of standardized datasets.
  • A place to house data to collaborate across research sites.
  • Supported by the BRAIN Initiative and the AWS Public dataset programs.

DANDI provides significant benefits:

Properties of DANDI

Data identifiers: The archive provides persistent identifiers for versioned datasets and assets, thus improving reproducibility of neurophysiology research.

Data storage: Cloud-based platform on AWS. Data are available from a public S3 bucket. Data from embargoed datasets are available from a private bucket to owners only.

Type of data The archive accepts cellular neurophysiology data including electrophysiology, optophysiology, and behavioral time-series, and images from immunostaining experiments and other associated data (e.g. participant information, MRI or other modalities).

Accepted Standards and Data File Formats: NWB (HDF5), BIDS (NIfTI, JSON, PNG, TIF, OME.TIF, OME.BTF, OME.ZARR) (see Data Standards for more details)

Neurophysiology Informatics Challenges and DANDI Solutions

Challenges Solutions
Most raw data stays in laboratories. DANDI provides a public archive for dissemination of raw and derived data.
Non-standardized datasets lead to significant resource needs to understand and adapt code to these datasets. DANDI standardizes all data using NWB and BIDS standards.
The multitude of different hardware platforms and custom binary formats requires significant effort to consolidate into reusable datasets. The DANDI ecosystem provides tools for converting data from different instruments into NWB and BIDS.
There are many domain general places to house data (e.g. Open Science Framework, G-Node, Dropbox, Google drive), but it is difficult to find relevant scientific metadata. DANDI is focused on neurophysiology data and related metadata.
Datasets are growing larger, requiring compute services to be closer to data. DANDI provides Dandihub, a JupyterHub instance close to the data.
Neurotechnology is evolving and requires changes to metadata and data storage. DANDI works with community members to improve data standards and formats.
Consolidating and creating robust algorithms (e.g. spike sorting) requires varied data sources. DANDI provides access to many different datasets.